The Security Dilemma and Ethnic Conflict. Authors; Authors and affiliations. Barry R. Posen Nuclear Weapon Military Power Ethnic Conflict Military Capability. Posen first discusses security dilemma and then uses this concept to explain two cases: Why Croats and Serbs fought a war, and why Ukraine. 24 Posen, Barry, ‘The Security Dilemma and Ethnic Conflict’, Survival, 35 (), pp. 27–47 CrossRef | Google Scholar, esp. pp. 27–
|Published (Last):||14 July 2015|
|PDF File Size:||19.85 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||15.15 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
The answer is history. The Croat belief, particularly among those on djlemma far right, was that the modern day German state would support the newly founded Croatian state and the Croatian people across a collapsing Yugoslavia. In idlemma Yugoslav wars this manifested itself as elements of the Croat right wing considering German diplomatic support as leading toward inevitable western military support.
Second, Offense is more effective than defense. How does Posen approach these problems? This competition will continue to a point at which the competing entity has got more power than needed for security.
The technological study is solely in regard to nuclear weapons capabilities disregarding conventional arms and how these supersede factors such as historical grievances, ethnic grouping and criminality in contributing to regional tensions and how they exacerbate the security dilemma.
In the Balkans there are numerous instances across the previous centuries, most recently in WW2 and the Croat decision to classify Serbs as minorities in Croatia. The threat of international intervention is particularly relevant in the years after the Cold War, with humanitarian intervention becoming more popular among western heads of state and institutions such as the International Criminal Court gaining prominence.
‘The Security Dilemma and Ethnic Conflict’ – A Literature Review | Daniel Blanthorn –
Whilst this omission can be attributed to Posen focusing on the actual ethnic violence and how it manifested in a region, as opposed to a global war between Serb, Croat and Bosniak, an insight into the diaspora communities would be useful particularly in regard to the historical grievances argument.
But during the communist war and poesn ofUkrainian president blamed the bolshevicks, not the Russians.
Russia, despite losing vast amounts of power, had a great deal more nuclear infrastructure and inherited the vast majority of delivery methods thus making Ukrainian nuclear ability somewhat hollow. The article is, as one would expect baryr an MIT academic, extremely clear and expertly written.
Firstly, a history of warfare and conflict between the groups.
However, this can lead on to a minor factor — the issue of nuclear weapons. Most Popular The Limits of the State: Competition of the empires during the middle ages made Croat-Serb relations tense.
Remember me on this computer. Realism argues that anarchical nature of the international system makes security the primary concern of the states. Relative power is difficult to measure and is often subjectively appraised; what seems sufficient to one state’s defence will seem offensive to its neighbors.
Skip to main content. Security is viewed as the sole aim for states, thus increasing military spending and procurement. A group identity helps the individual members cooperate to achieve their purposes. But Russia’s human and material resources were three times more than Ukraine’s, and it was unlikely that the balance of military power will soon shift against Russia.
Therefore, despite not offering military assistance the ramifications in terms of ethnic conflict were much the same. Nevertheless, this article is a nice example of the application of a realist concept to a state-level-situation.
Security Dilemma and Ethnic Conflict
It seems that he assumed that the fall of imperial regimes will bring about an anarchical political environment in many countries where ethnic conflicts will be very likely.
Put simply, the security dilemma is where a group state, ethnic, cultural, political, religious and so on pursue security guarantees that, ultimately, make the group less secure. Outside intervention in the affairs concerning at least one nuclear power is, therefore, even more unlikely.
The ideal time for them to strike, therefore, is shortly after the collapse of centralised power but before the international community chooses to intervene page Thus, we securigy not exaggerate the impact of technology, except nuclear weapons. The Security Dilemma and Ethnic Conflict is useful for anyone with an interest in the current conflict in Eastern Ukraine.
It is concise, to the point and provides a fascinating insight into the more pressing security issues across Southern and Eastern Europe of the s.
This is a fair comflict page Posen identifies two conditions that make security dilemma more intense. Whilst Ukraine did inherit ethnc weapons after the collapse of the USSR, it is a matter of some debate as to how much of a capability they inherited and how useful these would have been in a confrontation with Russia.
As a realist, throughout the article Posen emphasizes that an insecure group will prefer offense to defense.